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Sexuality Education

Moe sexuality education

MOE SEXUALITY EDUCATION IN SCHOOLS

Sexuality Education (SEd) in schools is about enabling students to understand the physiological, social and emotional changes they experience as they mature, develop healthy and rewarding relationships including those with members of the opposite sex, and make wise, informed and responsible decisions on sexuality matters. SEd is premised on the importance of the family as the basic unit of society. This means encouraging healthy, heterosexual marriages and stable nuclear family units with extended family support. The teaching and learning of SEd is based on respect for the values and beliefs of the different ethnic and religious communities in Singapore on sexuality issues.

Sexuality Education focuses on the development of adolescents' values, and social and emotional competencies required to make responsible decisions regarding sexual behaviours and to build rewarding relationships based on love and respect which are the foundation for strong families. It is also named Sexuality Education (rather than Sex Education) to emphasise the holistic approach which includes the emotional, social, intellectual and ethical aspects, in addition to the physical aspect of sex.

The goals of Sexuality Education are to:

  1. To help students make wise, responsible and informed decisions through the provision of accurate, current and age-appropriate knowledge on human sexuality and the consequences of sexual activity;
  2. To help students know themselves and build healthy and rewarding relationships through the acquisition of social and emotional skills of self-awareness, management of their thoughts, feelings and behaviours, development of empathy for others, possession of effective communication, problem-solving and decision-making skills; and
  3. To help students develop a moral compass, respect for themselves and for others as sexual beings, premised on the family as the basic unit of society, through the inculcation of positive mainstream values and attitudes about sexuality.

The key messages of Sexuality Education are:

  1. Love and respect yourself as you love and respect others
  2. Build positive relationships based on love and respect (which are the foundation for strong families);
  3. Make responsible decisions for yourself, your family and society; and
  4. Abstinence before marriage is the best protection against STIs/HIV and unintended pregnancies. Casual sex can harm and hurt you and your loved ones.
The key guiding principles of Sexuality Education are:

The goals of Sexuality Education are to:

    Home
  1. Parents play the primary role in the sexuality education of their children. As such, they are responsible for the teaching and transmission of values on sex and sexuality. Recognising that parents have a key role in the sexuality education of their children, they can exercise their choice to opt their children out of the school’s sexuality education programme
  2. School
  3. The teaching of knowledge and skills is integrated with the teaching of values which reflect that of Singapore’s mainstream society, to help students make wise, informed and responsible decisions on sexuality matters;
  4. In accordance with our national values, Sexuality Education is premised on the family as the basic unit of society. This means encouraging healthy, heterosexual marriages and building stable nuclear family units with extended family support;
  5. Only specially-selected teachers are trained to teach Sexuality Education. These teachers are selected because they:
    • believe in the importance of sexuality education for students;
    • possess values that are aligned with MOE values in Sexuality Education;
    • are comfortable discussing sexuality issues; and
    • have healthy rapport with students and possess good facilitation skills.
    Community
  6. In recognition of our multi-racial and multi-religious society, students and teachers will respect the different attitudes, values and beliefs regarding sexuality that these different communities may have; and
  7. Relevant resources in the community that are in alignment with MOE Sexuality Education Framework and Implementation Guidelines may be brought in to supplement schools' sexuality education programmes where needed.

School Implementation

The MOE Sexuality Education Curriculum adopts a cross curricular approach. It is delivered through the school curriculum viz. Science, Form Teacher Guidance Period (at Primary 1 to 4), and Character and Citizenship Education (at Secondary level).  The Growing Years (GY) Programme and the eTeens Programme, which are complementary, are staple Sexuality Education Programmes conducted under the ambit of Character and Citizenship Education (CCE).

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Overview

OVERVIEW OF RAFFLES GIRLS’ SCHOOL (SECONDARY) SEXUALITY EDUCATION PROGRAMME FOR 2017

Sexuality Education is delivered in a holistic manner through the school curriculum. The content for Sexuality Education is grouped into five main themes: Human Development, Interpersonal Relationships, Sexual Health, Sexual Behaviour, and, Culture, Society and Law. You may click here for more information on the scope of Sexuality Education in the school curriculum.

The subjects that incorporate topics on sexuality include:
  • Science
  • Character and Citizenship Education (CCE)
Growing Years (GY) Programme
  • “The Teenage Years (2nd Edition)” (Lower Sec) Teaching & Learning resource package
  • “Sense & Sexuality (2nd Edition)” (Upper Sec) Teaching & Learning resource package

The values and attitudes of our youth towards sexuality are increasingly shaped by their peers, exposure to the media, popular culture and the internet. Adolescence is a complex stage in life as the adolescent attempts to find his/her own identity and often struggles with new social relationships. The period of middle adolescence (generally from 15 – 17 years old) can be a turbulent period for adolescents. The gap between physical and emotional/cognitive maturity may result in a tendency to act on impulse, experiment with various activities (including sexual activities), sometimes without understanding the unpleasant consequences that may arise from such experimentation. The need for peer acceptance can be overwhelmingly strong, and hinder one’s ability to act responsibly.  Given the pressures faced by the middle adolescent from within themselves and from peers, it is important to build a strong sense of self-worth, personal conviction and an understanding of the possible consequences of sexual behaviour. 

T hrough “The Teenage Years” and “Sense & Sexuality” packages, secondary students will have the opportunity to develop a positive self-esteem, develop their character, and expand their understanding and repertoire of skills to deal with various issues related to sexuality, which are of prime concern at this age. 

At RAFFLES GIRLS’ SCHOOL (SECONDARY), the following lessons from the Growing Years Programme will be taught in 2017 :
YEAR 1 AND YEAR 2
Unit Lessons/ 
Duration
LESSON OBJECTIVES 
At the end of the lesson, students will be able to:
Time Period 
The Real Self  1
   (60 mins)         

  • know how one’s perception of his body is linked to personal experiences and the sources of information that are taken in
  • recognise that one’s self-perception is influenced by his perception of his body
  • know strategies to develop healthy/positive perception of one’s body

Term 2 
Week 5
  Lessons about Love   2
(60 mins)

  • evaluate the norms of acceptability for public display of affection
  • recognise how new media has shaped public perception of acceptability of public display of affection
  • identify the strengths and limitations of new media in allowing people to develop serious relationships
  • recognise how new media has influenced relationship building both positively and negatively appreciate the value of face-to-face relationships

Term 2 
 Week 6   
 At the Crossroads 2
(60 mins)
 
  • describe what pornography is, and why people view pornographic materials
  • examine the effects of pornography on self and others
  • recognise that they are able to make responsible decisions to manage their sexual desires
  • know appropriate sources to obtain accurate information about sex
 Term 2
 Week 7











YEAR 3
Unit Lessons/ 
Duration
LESSON OBJECTIVES 
At the end of the lesson, students will be able to:
Time Period 
Lessons
about Love

   (55 mins)         

Dating and Romantic Relationships:
Are You Ready?

  • evaluate one’s readiness for romantic relationships
  • recognise challenges that occur in the context of a relationship
  • examine how our response to emotions can affect relationships positively or negatively

Term 3 
Week 2
 1
(55 mins)
Rejection and Broken Relationships 

  • identify why relationships break down
  • identify the emotions that accompany the breakdown of a relationship
  • know healthy ways of coping with rejections and breakups
  • recognise the need to be respectful and responsible in ending a relationship
  • know ways to seek support when going through a breakdown of relationship and offer support for those going through the same
 Term 3
Week 6

YEAR 4
Unit Lessons/ 
Duration
LESSON OBJECTIVES 
At the end of the lesson, students will be able to:
Time Period 
Lessons
about Love
1
(55 mins)
       

Healthy Marriage

  • reflect on the qualities of a healthy romantic relationship
  • evaluate one’s readiness for a romantic relationship, leading to marriage
  • recognise that intimacy in a relationship need not be limited to physical intimacy
  • recognise that commitment is a necessary ingredient for success in a marriage
  • identify responsibilities involved and the challenges faced in marriages

Term 2 
Week 8
At the Crossroads    2
(55 mins)
Gender Role and Identity

  • know/define what gender role is 
  • know the influence of family, culture and society on one’s perception of his/her gender role
  • appreciate/ affirm one’s own unique qualities and characteristics as a male or female. 
  • know/define what sexual orientation (heterosexuality and homosexuality) is
  • recognise the need to treat people with respect regardless of their sexual orientation
 Term 2
Week 9

























eTeens Programme 

eTeens is a programme developed by Health Promotion Board, in collaboration with the Ministry of Education, for Secondary 3 students to provide them with accurate information on STIs, HIV and protection from a health perspective. eTeens is conducted in two segments – a mass talk segment and a classroom-based programme.

Students are taught skills such as decision-making, assertiveness and negotiation to say “no” to sex and negative peer pressure. They also learn that the impact of STIs/HIV extends beyond themselves and involves their family. Abstinence and upholding family values are the key messages. The desired outcome of the eTeens programme is that students are empowered to make wise, informed and sensible decisions.

At RAFFLES GIRLS’ SCHOOL (SECONDARY), the eTeens programme will be implemented as follows in 2016:

Topics/Lessons Programme Learning Objectives  Time Period
Mass Talk by HPB
appointed vendor
(book venue –separate
Yr3 /4)
  • Awareness of the different STIs and HIV/AIDS
  • Modes of transmission
  • Modes of protection, specifically on how the condom is used
  • Consequences and impact of STIs/HIV
Term 3
Week 3 
Class-based
Lesson
  • Learn to negotiate their way out of a risky situation by applying skills of assertiveness and responsible decision-making
 Term 3
Week 5





















INFORMATION FOR PARENTS

  1. Parents may opt their children out of Growing Years, eTeens and/or supplementary sexuality education programmes by MOE-approved external providers.
  2. Parents who wish to opt their children out of the Growing Years (GY) programme need to complete an opt-out form. This form will be distributed to parents at the start of the year and is also downloadable here . A hardcopy of the form, duly completed and signed, is to be submitted to the school office by 21/02/2017 
  3. Parents who wish to opt their children out of the eTeens programme need to complete an opt-out form. This form will be distributed to parents at the start of the year and is also downloadable here . A hardcopy of the form, duly completed and signed, is to be submitted to the school office by 21/02/2017
  4. Parents can contact the school at rgss@moe.edu.sg or call 6838-7813 for discussion or to seek clarification about the school’s sexuality education programme.
  5. Parents, who wish to attend the school sexuality education programmes, should contact the school to make the necessary arrangements.