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Sexuality Education

Moe sexuality education

MOE SEXUALITY EDUCATION IN SCHOOLS

Sexuality Education (SEd) in schools is about enabling students to understand the physiological, social and emotional changes they experience as they mature, develop healthy and rewarding relationships including those with members of the opposite sex, and make wise, informed and responsible decisions on sexuality matters. SEd is premised on the importance of the family as the basic unit of society. This means encouraging healthy, heterosexual marriages and stable nuclear family units with extended family support. The teaching and learning of SEd is based on respect for the values and beliefs of the different ethnic and religious communities in Singapore on sexuality issues.

Sexuality Education focuses on the development of adolescents' values, and social and emotional competencies required to make responsible decisions regarding sexual behaviours and to build rewarding relationships based on love and respect which are the foundation for strong families. It is also named Sexuality Education (rather than Sex Education) to emphasise the holistic approach which includes the emotional, social, intellectual and ethical aspects, in addition to the physical aspect of sex.

The goals of Sexuality Education are to:

  1. To help students make wise, responsible and informed decisions through the provision of accurate, current and age-appropriate knowledge on human sexuality and the consequences of sexual activity;
  2. To help students know themselves and build healthy and rewarding relationships through the acquisition of social and emotional skills of self-awareness, management of their thoughts, feelings and behaviours, development of empathy for others, possession of effective communication, problem-solving and decision-making skills; and
  3. To help students develop a moral compass, respect for themselves and for others as sexual beings, premised on the family as the basic unit of society, through the inculcation of positive mainstream values and attitudes about sexuality.

The key messages of Sexuality Education are:

  1. Love and respect yourself as you love and respect others
  2. Build positive relationships based on love and respect (which are the foundation for strong families);
  3. Make responsible decisions for yourself, your family and society; and
  4. Abstinence before marriage is the best protection against STIs/HIV and unintended pregnancies. Casual sex can harm and hurt you and your loved ones.

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Overview

OVERVIEW OF RAFFLES GIRLS’ SCHOOL (SECONDARY) SEXUALITY EDUCATION PROGRAMME FOR 2019

Sexuality Education is delivered in a holistic manner through the school curriculum. The content for Sexuality Education is grouped into five main themes: Human Development, Interpersonal Relationships, Sexual Health, Sexual Behaviour, and, Culture, Society and Law. You may click here for more information on the scope of Sexuality Education in the school curriculum.

The subjects that incorporate topics on sexuality include:
  • Science
  • Character and Citizenship Education (CCE)
Growing Years (GY) Programme
  • “The Teenage Years (2nd Edition)” (Lower Sec) Teaching & Learning resource package
  • “Sense & Sexuality (2nd Edition)” (Upper Sec) Teaching & Learning resource package

The values and attitudes of our youth towards sexuality are increasingly shaped by their peers, exposure to the media, popular culture and the internet. Adolescence is a complex stage in life as the adolescent attempts to find his/her own identity and often struggles with new social relationships. The period of middle adolescence (generally from 15 – 17 years old) can be a turbulent period for adolescents. The gap between physical and emotional/cognitive maturity may result in a tendency to act on impulse, experiment with various activities (including sexual activities), sometimes without understanding the unpleasant consequences that may arise from such experimentation. The need for peer acceptance can be overwhelmingly strong, and hinder one’s ability to act responsibly.  Given the pressures faced by the middle adolescent from within themselves and from peers, it is important to build a strong sense of self-worth, personal conviction and an understanding of the possible consequences of sexual behaviour. 

T hrough “The Teenage Years” and “Sense & Sexuality” packages, secondary students will have the opportunity to develop a positive self-esteem, develop their character, and expand their understanding and repertoire of skills to deal with various issues related to sexuality, which are of prime concern at this age. 

At RAFFLES GIRLS’ SCHOOL (SECONDARY), the following lessons from the Growing Years Programme will be taught in 2019:
YEAR 1 AND YEAR 2
Unit Lessons/ 
Duration
LESSON OBJECTIVES 
At the end of the lesson, students will be able to:
Time Period 
“Familiar” Strangers Alert  1 (55 mins) 
+
2 (55 mins)       

Knowing Your Rights: Unwanted Touch and Sexual Abuse
  • know the physiological, psychological and social impact of sexual abuse on the individual
  • recognise the provision  of Singapore laws that serves to protect teenagers from sexual perpetrators and persecute those who have committed such crimes
  • identify sources to seek help and support

Term 2 
Week 6, 8
  Lessons about Love   3
(55 mins)

Dating and Romantic Relationships
  • distinguish between various types of love
  • recognise the importance of developing a friendship before committing to a romantic relationship
  • recognise what constitutes responsible dating
  • evaluate if a dating relationship is healthy or unhealthy
  • know that the underlying value for healthy relationships is respect
  • know the different levels of physical intimacy in a relationship
  • demonstrate competencies in managing emotions in dating and romantic relationships
  • know that certain public displays of affection are not considered appropriate behaviour in our society
  • recognise that it is important to seek their family’s views, beliefs and expectations with regard to dating and romantic relationships in teenage years
Term 2 
 Week 7   











YEAR 3
Unit Lessons/ 
Duration
LESSON OBJECTIVES 
At the end of the lesson, students will be able to:
Time Period 
Lessons
about Love

   (55 mins)         

Dating and Romantic Relationships:
Are You Ready?

  • evaluate one’s readiness for romantic relationships
  • recognise challenges that occur in the context of a relationship
  • examine how our response to emotions can affect relationships positively or negatively

Term 3 
Week 3
 1
(55 mins)
Rejection and Broken Relationships 
  • identify why relationships break down
  • identify the emotions that accompany the breakdown of a relationship
  • know healthy ways of coping with rejections and breakups
  • recognise the need to be respectful and responsible in ending a relationship
  • know ways to seek support when going through a breakdown of relationship and offer support for those going through the same
 Term 3
Week 4

YEAR 4
Unit Lessons/ 
Duration
LESSON OBJECTIVES 
At the end of the lesson, students will be able to:
Time Period 
Lessons
about Love
1
(55 mins)
       

Healthy Marriage

  • reflect on the qualities of a healthy romantic relationship
  • evaluate one’s readiness for a romantic relationship, leading to marriage
  • recognise that intimacy in a relationship need not be limited to physical intimacy
  • recognise that commitment is a necessary ingredient for success in a marriage
  • identify responsibilities involved and the challenges faced in marriages

Term 2 
Week 5
At the Crossroads    2
(55 mins)
Gender Role and Identity

  • know/define what gender role is 
  • know the influence of family, culture and society on one’s perception of his/her gender role
  • appreciate/ affirm one’s own unique qualities and characteristics as a male or female. 
  • know/define what sexual orientation (heterosexuality and homosexuality) is
  • recognise the need to treat people with respect regardless of their sexual orientation
 Term 2
Week 6

























eTeens Programme 

eTeens is a programme developed by Health Promotion Board, in collaboration with the Ministry of Education, for Secondary 3 students to provide them with accurate information on STIs, HIV and protection from a health perspective. eTeens is conducted in two segments – a mass talk segment and a classroom-based programme.

Students are taught skills such as decision-making, assertiveness and negotiation to say “no” to sex and negative peer pressure. They also learn that the impact of STIs/HIV extends beyond themselves and involves their family. Abstinence and upholding family values are the key messages. The desired outcome of the eTeens programme is that students are empowered to make wise, informed and sensible decisions.

At RAFFLES GIRLS’ SCHOOL (SECONDARY), the eTeens programme will be implemented as follows in 2019:

Topics/Lessons Programme Learning Objectives  Time Period
Mass Talk by HPB
appointed vendor
(Year 3 only)
  • Awareness of the different STIs and HIV/AIDS
  • Modes of transmission
  • Modes of protection, specifically on how the condom is used
  • Consequences and impact of STIs/HIV
Term 3
Week 5 
Class-based
Lesson
  • Learn to negotiate their way out of a risky situation by applying skills of assertiveness and responsible decision-making
 Term 3
Week 6





















INFORMATION FOR PARENTS

  1. Parents may opt their children out of Growing Years, eTeens and/or supplementary sexuality education programmes by MOE-approved external providers.
  2. Parents who wish to opt their children out of the Growing Years (GY) programme need to complete an opt-out form. This form will be distributed to parents at the start of the year and is also downloadable here . A hardcopy of the form, duly completed and signed, is to be submitted to the Form Teachers by 20/02/2019 (all levels)
  3. Parents who wish to opt their children out of the eTeens programme need to complete an opt-out form. This form will be distributed to parents at the start of the year and is also downloadable here . A hardcopy of the form, duly completed and signed, is to be submitted to the Form Teachers by 21/02/2017 (Y3 only)
  4. Parents can contact the school at rgss@moe.edu.sg or call 6838-7813 for discussion or to seek clarification about the school’s sexuality education programme.
  5. Parents, who wish to attend the school sexuality education programmes, should contact the school to make the necessary arrangements.